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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that covers a broad range of conditions. It is called a spectrum disorder because it has a range of symptoms. The 3 main characteristics of  ASD are challenges with social interaction, communication and repetitive patterns of thoughts and behaviors.

The number of children identified as being on the autism spectrum is rising. According to the Center for Disease Control (2018), 1 in 59 children is identified as being on the autism spectrum. The majority of autistic children also experience sensory processing disorder. 


Signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • No response to their name 

  • Avoidance of eye contact

  • Prefers to be alone

  • Gets upset by a change in routine

  • Meltdowns

  • Has obsessive interests

  • No speech or delayed speech

  • Repeat words or phrases over and over (echolalia)

  • Little or no social skills

  • Repetitive behaviors such as the flapping of hands

  • Over responsive or under-responsive to sounds, smells, taste and touch

  • Self-stimulatory behaviors


As an occupational therapist, I have helped children with Autism Spectrum Disorder by:

  • Providing workshops and in-service for staff 

  • Providing sensory diet and sensory tools

  • Modifying the environment to minimize classroom distractions

  • Helping with motor planning to learn new skills

  • Collaborating with parent, teachers and other professionals to set objectives 

  • Teaching self-care skills to improve independence

If this is a topic of interest I am available to present to parents, educators, and other professionals who work with this population.  

Occupational therapy services are also available. If interested please contact me.  

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